The branch of science that deals with disease.
Treatment for preserving the state of health of the gums and bone surrounding and supporting the teeth.
Periodontal scaling/root planing
The removal of hard deposits, with metal scalers and curettes, on the root surfaces. The intent is to remove the diseased elements of the root surface, thereby permitting healing and potential reduction in depth of the periodontal pocket.
The tying, ligating or joining of periodontally involved teeth to one another to stabilize and immobilize the teeth.
Gum surgery that includes the treatment of the diseased teeth and their supporting structures.
A soft, sticky substance that accumulates on teeth; it is composed largely of bacteria and food substances suspended in saliva.
Situated behind or toward the rear.
Cleaning the teeth to prevent disease.
An artificial replacement.
The nerves, blood vessels, lymphatic and other cells inside a tooth.
Pulp exposure treatment
Treating the pulp or "nerve” that has been exposed in an attempt to promote healing and therefore make root canal treatment unnecessary.
Partial removal of the pulp or nerve.