It may seem unusual to tell your dentist about your high blood pressure, but it’s extremely important for your oral and overall health. If you have high blood pressure or heart disease, you have special needs when it comes to dental care.
Many medications have oral health side effects which need to be addressed. Dry mouth is a common side effect of high blood pressure medicine and you should ask your dentist about the best way to treat it. They may recommend using products with fluoride to help prevent gum disease and tooth decay or medication to help you produce more saliva.
Some high-blood pressure drugs can also cause gum tissue to swell, making chewing difficult. If you experience swelling, your dentist can give you tips on how to improve your oral hygiene and manage symptoms.
You may also experience gum overgrowth. If gum overgrowth occurs, your dentist may recommend a type of minor surgery called gingivectomy. During the procedure, the crown of the tooth is made to appear longer by trimming or reshaping the gum and bone to expose more of the tooth.
If you have a dental procedure that requires anesthesia, tell your dentist about your high blood pressure. Many common anesthesia products contain epinephrine. Epinephrine can cause cardiovascular changes in patients with high blood pressure. These changes can include a rapid increase in blood pressure, arrhythmias, angina or heart attack.
Tell your dentist about your high blood pressure. Your condition increases your risk of certain complications to oral medications and procedures.